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Martian Parachute Lander

Martian Parachute Lander

Design, build, and test a Martian parachute lander that will protect your cargo: a hard-boiled egg.

Time Needed:
30-45 minutes
Grade:
2nd Grade, 3rd Grade, 4th Grade, 5th Grade
Subject:
Engineering, Space Science
Educator Rating:
0
Parent Rating:
0

What I'll Learn

Space craft on their way to Mars may be traveling 13,000 miles per hour when they reach the planet, they need to slow down to land safely on the surface. Using the engineering design process, you will learn about gravity, drag, and shock absorbers to build a Martian parachute lander that will survive the drop!

What to Do

What I Need

What to Do: Step-by-Step Instructions

1

Watch this short video to see how scientists land rovers on Mars.

https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Step-1.jpg
2

Design your lander: draw a blueprint of what you want your lander to look like and label your drawing with the materials you want to use. Think about how you can use your materials to absorb the shock of the landing so your cargo stays intact.

Tips & Tricks:

Make sure your lander has a secure space for your cargo (the hard-boiled egg).
https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Martian-Parachute-Lander_Step-2.jpg
3

Build your lander: be creative and use whatever materials you have around you!

https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Martian-Parachute-Lander_Step-3.jpg
4

Use a plastic bag (any size) to make your parachute. You can cut the bag into a large circle, punch holes along the edges, or leave it the way it is.

Fun Fact:

Scientists and engineers use wind tunnels and a rocket sled to test parachutes that will land rovers on Mars!
https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Martian-Parachute-Lander_Step-4.jpg
5

Use a string, pipe cleaners, or whatever else you have available to attach your parachute to your lander.

https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Martian-Parachute-Lander_Step-5.jpg
6

Place your hard-boiled egg in your lander. Make sure you will be able to access your egg after you test your design.

https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Martian-Parachute-Lander_Step-6.jpg
7

It’s time to test! Ask an adult to help you find a high up place where you can drop your lander. For example, a landing on the second floor of your home or building, your porch, or maybe an adult can test it from the top of a ladder. When you and your adult are ready, drop your parachute lander!

Tips & Tricks:

Make sure the “drop zone” is clear of anything living or fragile, such as people, pets, or glass items.
https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Martian-Parachute-Lander_Step-7.jpg
8

After your test, check to see if your egg is intact, has some cracks, or is completely destroyed.  Then, redesign, improve, and test your parachute lander as many times as you want until you get your desired results.

https://discoverycubeconnect.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/02/Martian-Parachute-Lander_Step-8.jpg
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